Functional Neurology for Huntington’s Disease

If you or your loved ones are suffering from Huntington’s Disease, there is hope. Functional Neurology for Huntington’s Disease is proven as an effective method for treating symptoms as well as the underlying cause of the condition.

Functional Neurology for Huntington’s Disease

What Is Huntington’s Disease?

Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is handed on via families. The DNA instructions that construct and maintain our bodies contain the error that triggers this condition. HD is caused by a mutation in the huntingtin gene, just one of the many that make up a person’s DNA. This blunder causes brain damage and eventually HD symptoms over time.

Symptoms of Huntington’s Disease

  • Early symptoms of the disease vary considerably from individual to individual, but often include cognitive or mental issues, mobility impairments, and behavioral changes. Among the symptoms of Huntington’s disease are:

     

    • Slurred speech and a general deterioration in key activities including swallowing, eating, and speaking are possible physical manifestations. Issues with eating, swallowing, and choking, as well as chest infections, can lead to a loss of weight. Other symptoms may include insomnia, loss of energy, fatigue, and seizures. Bed or wheelchair confinement is inevitable.

     

    • Problems with reasoning, paying attention, or forming coherent thoughts might all fall under the umbrella of “cognitive/judgment changes.” In addition, you might have trouble driving, setting priorities, retaining information, forming coherent thoughts, or responding to questions.

     

    • Mood and behavior changes such as agitation, irritation, apathy, lethargy, and anger. Hostile outbursts, suicidal thoughts, severe depression, and psychosis are just few of the symptoms that may or may not subside as the disease advances. As a result, people with HD may withdraw from society.

     

    • Difficult and uncontrollable movement in the hands, feet, face, or body. Chorea manifests itself by repetitive motions that become more severe and noticeable over time, and are often exacerbated by stress or distraction. In the early stages of HD, modest clumsiness or balance issues may first appear.

     

    • Chorea-related motions can cause difficulties walking and increase the risk of injury from falling. Some people with HD don’t get chorea, but instead they grow stiff and move very little or not at all (a disorder called akinesia). Others may have chorea at first but later become rigid as the disease worsens. Some people may suffer from dystonia, a condition characterized by odd, fixed postures, in addition to chorea. Occasionally, the two types of movement dysfunction will combine or switch places. Tremor (an involuntary rhythmic movement of the muscles) and early onset aberrant eye movements are other possible signs.

     

    • As the disease proceeds, the affected person’s cognitive abilities deteriorate to the point that they are unable to perform even basic tasks like dressing or bathing. Dementia is a medical term used to describe a state of severe cognitive decline that interferes with daily life. However, many persons with HD keep their awareness of their surroundings and their ability to communicate their feelings.

    The most common form of Huntington’s disease, known as adult-onset, typically first manifests in a person’s thirties or forties. The majority of those who have HD have difficulties with cognition, conduct, and motor skills. The inability to think clearly, move around, and communicate typically worsens over a period of 10-25 years. Planning, remembering, and maintaining focus are only a few of the early symptoms of HD that may be noticed by the affected individual or their loved ones. They could experience shifts in mood, such as melancholy, anxiety, impatience, and aggression. People with HD tend to become “fidgety” and exhibit uncontrollable movements of the face and limbs, known as chorea.

    Unintentional weight loss is common in people with HD due to involuntary movements (chorea), which can also make it difficult for them to walk, balance, and get around securely. They will lose their capacity to work, drive, and care for themselves, and may become eligible for disability benefits as a result. Eventually, the person will have trouble swallowing and communicating, and their motions will become sluggish and rigid. Individuals with HD who have progressed to this stage require 24-hour care and ultimately pass away from pneumonia, heart failure, or other related issues. Some people compare HD to having amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson’s disease (PD), and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) all at once.

How is Huntington’s Disease Inherited?

The Huntingtin gene is the site of the faulty DNA that causes HD. It wasn’t until 1993 that this particular gene was identified. Although the huntingtin gene is present in all humans, only those who inherit the erroneous HD mutation run the risk of developing HD and passing it on to their offspring. The nucleotide “letters” A, G, C, and T make up genes and are interpreted as a three-character code. The huntingtin gene has a string of letters (CAG) that, when repeated excessively, can lead to HD. An increase in the number of CAG repeats is the term for this phenomenon. People without HD often have 20 CAG repeats in the huntingtin gene, but those with HD typically have 40 or more. All carriers of the CAG repeat expansion in the HD gene will eventually show symptoms of the condition, and their offspring have a 50% risk of also acquiring the disorder.

Proteins are the molecular machines that control every biological process in our bodies, and our genes serve as the instruction manual for building these machines. The huntingtin protein is synthesized by following the instructions in the huntingtin gene (DNA), which are then transcribed into a biological message (RNA). The huntingtin protein is extraordinarily big and appears to serve multiple purposes, particularly during prenatal brain development, all of which remain elusive. We know that the huntingtin protein in HD patients is abnormally lengthy and hard to maintain due to the presence of additional CAG repeats, making it less effective at its normal function. This “mutant” huntingtin protein accumulates in brain cells, where it clumps together and eventually kills them over the course of several years. The striatum, which regulates motor function, emotion, and memory, is particularly at risk in HD. Degenerative changes in the striatum are responsible for HD’s debilitating symptoms.

Treating Huntington’s Disease

There is no known medication or cure that can arrest, slow, or reverse the disease’s progression at this time. Fortunately, the signs and symptoms of HD are very amenable to a wide variety of treatments and interventions, including Functional Neurology for Huntington’s Disease.

Medication to treat anxiety, depression, challenging behaviors, and uncontrolled movements can be prescribed by a neurologist, psychiatrist, or nurse with competence in HD.

Psychologists and social workers are trained to counsel both individuals and groups. Experts in physical and occupational therapy can help patients and their loved ones build muscle, improve mobility, and make necessary adjustments to their living conditions and daily routines. Nutritionists and speech therapists work together to aid in weight maintenance by promoting healthy eating habits and promoting safe eating and swallowing. Researchers in clinical practice may advise involvement in HD clinical trials.

Care for HD includes seeking out and making use of social and community resources. When a person with HD is no longer able to care for themselves, their friends, family, and loved ones step in to take up many of their old tasks and provide assistance with their daily activities and routines of care. The burdens and difficulties of HD can be difficult on both caregivers and children.

How Can Functional Neurology Help?

The field of functional neurology focuses on diagnosing and treating dysfunctions in the nervous system. Subspecialties exist among functional neurologists, but in general, they treat patients with brain injuries, degenerative diseases (like dementia), movement abnormalities, vestibular difficulties (like balance and dizziness), and neurological diseases and illnesses of unknown cause (typically something that traditional doctors have not been able to diagnose and treat successfully). Functional Neurology for Huntington’s Disease and other neurodegenerative diseases works by improving neuroplasticity in the brain through chiropractic therapy.

Chiropractic adjustments, alternative therapies, and suggested lifestyle changes are all part of functional neurology’s toolkit, but you won’t find any prescription drugs or surgical procedures here.

Rehabilitation techniques grounded in functional neuroscience are used to influence neural cells and synapses. New neurons and blood vessels are created in the brain and spinal cord, and new connections are formed between the existing brain and spinal cord regions when the brain is activated. A medical subfield concerned with measuring, quantifying, and rehabilitating the human nervous system via sensory and cognitive-based therapies to enhance neuroplasticity, preserve neural integrity, and maximize functional potential.

The principles of neuroplasticity form the foundation of functional neurology. Now we know that the brain and nervous system are plastic and open to change in response to experiences. Cognitive, sensory, motor, and emotional events all have the potential to mold the brain. New connections (synapses) in the nervous system are dependent on the stimulation they receive. Stimulated neurons will become stronger, while those that aren’t will wither away. It is now understood that damaged areas of the nervous system can give rise to new neurons.

Neuroplasticity is the process through which our brains and nervous systems can fortify and establish new neural pathways. As with building muscle, it requires practice. To develop a muscle, one must put it to use. Neurons are no different in this respect. If you want to strengthen a certain part of your brain, you need to exercise it.

Chiropractic neurology is another name for functional neurology. Although chiropractors make up the vast majority of those working in functional neurology, the field includes professionals from a wide range of medical backgrounds.

Patients with Huntington’s disease can benefit greatly from chiropractic care that is based on neurological principles, as is recommended in Functional Neurology for Huntington’s Disease. Concussions and post-concussion syndrome (PCS), headaches and migraines, dizziness and balance difficulties, peripheral neuropathy, and other brain- and nervous system-related illnesses are some of the many that can be helped by chiropractic functional neurology.